A Prepper by definition is a person (usually under 40) who advocates readiness and self- reliance in times of disaster. The Prepper may leave mainstream life and retreat into an environment more conducive to being prepared. The term is not always a compliment.
Genealogy is a prepper pursuit–the better prepared you are to research your hard-to-find ancestors, the more successful you will be. This may require you to leave the internet and easily accessed databases and revert to more mundane techniques that only the truly dedicated genealogist usually follows:
- Choose a history of Tennessee where your ancestors lived. Read the Introduction, Preface, Footnotes, and Bibliography first. If these are not present, choose a different history! You need these scholarly trappings to know the work you are about to study is authentic. And, to discover new indexes, newly recovered sources not used before on your lineage, little-known records whose evidence is applied directly to ancestors which might be yours.
- Start a timeline. Create a whole new record: go to http://familyhistoryexpos.com/freedocs and download, as a Word document, the timeline designed by Holly Hansen. You can write on it; or, type your data as you go.
- Take note: you are creating a new genealogical record! Include the date the county was organized, the actual date when the county officials were appointed and when they showed up for work—this is the beginning of the records. Note the parent counties, and counties later created from that county. Include call numbers for the sources you reference, so your timeline can serve as a research guide for others and for yourself if you have to re-trace your steps at any time.
- Find a map. Watch for detailed maps—showing local place names, rivers, and streams, where towns and cities are. After a bit, your files need to include maps for each major time period and each location where your ancestors resided, conducted their business, moved around, and so on. Watch for the spokes of the wheel, where the roads all lead to the same place. These towns and cities at the center of the wheel will have the courthouse, the cathedral, the post office, the university, the principal cemetery.
- Search for a periodical that covers that area, the county, the town where your ancestors resided. Most genealogical societies publish a quarterly and a newsletter or a bulletin that apply to local places—often with basic maps. And these publications are now appearing online. If you don’t have a library nearby that subscribes, you can get your own subscription so you can access all of the issues that have been published. I prefer to begin with Volume 1, Number 1 and read them all. But, I read whatever issues I can get. Read the articles and documents that apply to the period of time you are looking for your ancestors, whether they mention your ancestors or not. You will learn, in a short time, about the people who settled that place, where they came from, who they came with, when they arrived, and where they went when they left. You will discover how these settlers are inter-related to each other. Genealogy and local periodicals can supply the context in which you’re ancestor lived better than any other resource.
These items–copies and notes–become your locality background file. It is as important as the documents you collect along the way. When a clerk writes a document, he assumes that you will know the underlying premises of that document. And he may even abbreviate names and key words in the document. Your preliminary reading and study will enable you to understand what the record implies but does not state outright. Most genealogists discover this strategy as a part of their work. You will be ahead of the game by doing it at the beginning of your project. Your favorite Tennessee genealogist, Arlene Eakle http://arleneeakle.com
PS The more you know about the local history of your qncestor’s residence in Tennessee, the better off you are. Record Loss is great in Tennessee, for the early years especially.